Group members in BOLD



A.S. Young, H.M. Pickard, E.M. Sunderland, J.G. Allen. 2022. Organic fluorine as an indicator of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances in dust from buildings with healthier versus conventional materials . Environmental Science & Technology. Accepted.

X.C. Hu, M. Dai, J.M. Sun, E.M. Sunderland. 2022. The utility of machine learning models for predicting chemical contaminants in drinking water: Promise, challenges, and opportunities. Current Environmental Health Reports. Accepted.

H.M. Pickard, B.J. Ruyle, C.P. Thackray, A. Chovancova, C. Dassuncao, J. Becanova, S. Vojta, R. Lohmann, E.M. Sunderland. 2022. PFAS and precursor bioaccumulation in freshwater recreational fish: Implications for fish advisories. Environmental Science & Technology.

L.H.E. Winkel, E.M. Sunderland. 2022. Introduction to the biogeochemistry of trace elements themed issue. Environmental Science: Processes and Impacts. 24(9), 1277-1278. [pdf]

K.B. Delwiche, J.A. Harrison, J.D. Maasakkers, M.P. Sulprizio, J. Worden, D.J. Jacob, E.M. Sunderland. 2022. Estimating drivers and pathways for hydroelectric reservoir methane emissions using a new mechanistic model. JGR Biogeosciences. 12, e2022JG006908. [pdf]

L. Munoz-Abril, C.A. Valle, J.J. Alava, S.E. Janssen, E.M. Sunderland, F. Rubianes-Landazuri, S.D. Emslie. 2022. Elevated mercury concentrations and isotope signatures (N,C, Hg) in yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) from the Galapagos marine reserve and waters off Ecuador. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry.  Accepted. [pdf]

G.A. de Vera, B.Y. Brown, S. Cortesa, M. Dai, J. Bruno, J. LaPier, N. Sule, M. Hancock, B. Yoon, A. Chalah, E.M. Sunderland, S.C. Wofsy. 2022. HazeL: A low-cost learning platform for aerosol measurements. Journal of Chemical Education. 99(9), 3203-3210. [pdf]

C.I. Olson, B.M. Geyman, C.P. Thackray, D.P. Krabbenhoft, M.T. Tate, E.M. Sunderland, C.T. Driscoll. 2022. Mercury in soils of the conterminous United States: Patterns and pools. Environmental Research Letters. 17(7), 074030. [pdf]

J.M. Sun, B.C. Kelly, F.A.P.C. Gobas, E.M. Sunderland. 2022. A food web bioaccumulation model for the accumulation of poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in fish: How important is renal elimination? Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts. 24(8), 1152-1164. [pdf]

C.D. Golden, J. Ayroles, J.G. Eurich, J.A. Gephart, K.L. Seto, M.K. Sharp, P. Balcom, H.M. Barravecchia, K.K. Bell, K.D. Gorospe, J. Kim, W.H. Koh., J.Z. Mason, D. McCauley, H. Murdoch, N. Nair, K. Neeti, S. Passarelli, A. Spect, E. Sunderland, A. Tekaieti, A. Tekiau, R. Tekoaua, E. Timeon. 2022. Study protocol: Interactive dynamics between coral reef fisheries and the nutrition transition in Kiribati. Frontiers in Public Health: Planetary Health. 10, 890381. [pdf]

S. Zolkos, A.V. Zhulidov, T.Y. Gurtovaya, V.V. Gordeev, S. Berdnikov, N. Pavlova, E.A. Kalka, Y.A. Kuklina, D.A. Zhulidov, L.S. Kosmenko, A.I. Shiklomanov, A. Suslova, B.M. Geyman, C.P. Thackray, E.M. Sunderland, S.E. Tank, J.W. McClelland, R.M. Spencer, D.P. Krabbenhoft, R. Robarts, R.M. Holmes. 2022. Multi-decadal declines in particulate mercury and sediment export from Russian rivers in the pan-Arctic basin. PNAS. 3(10), 344-350. [pdf]



A.K. Tokranov, D. LeBlanc, H.M. Pickard, B.J. Ruyle, L.B. Barber, R.B. Hull, E.M. Sunderland, C.D. Vecitis. 2021. Surface-water/groundwater boundaries affect seasonal PFAS concentrations and PFAA precursor transformations. Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts. 23, 1893-1905. [pdf]

R.S.D. Calder, A.T. Schartup, T. Bell, E.M. Sunderland. 2021. "Muskrat Falls, methylmercury, food security, and Canadian hyroelectric power development" in S. Crocker and L Moore (Eds). Muskrat Falls: How a Mega Dam Became a Predatory Formation. St. John's, Canada: Memorial University Press, pp. 81-109. [pdf]

X. Zhang, X. Sun, R. Jiang, E.Y. Zeng, E.M. Sunderland, D.C.G. Muir. 2021. Response to Comment on “Screening New Persistent and Bioaccumulative Organics in China’s Inventory of Industrial Chemicals”: A Call for Further Environmental Research on Organosilicons Produced in China. Environmental Science & Technology. 56(1), 693-696. [pdf]

R. Lohmann, E.M. Sunderland. 2021. Emerging questions in exposure, regulation, and remediation of PFAS. iScience. 24:9. [pdf]

M. Bhatia, A.J. Specht, V. Ramya, D. Sulaiman, M. Konda, P. Balcom, E.M. Sunderland, A. Qureshi. 2021. Portable X-ray Fluorescence as a Rapid Determination Tool to Detect Parts per Million Levels of Ni, Zn, As, Se, and Pb in Human Toenails: A South India Case Study. Environmental Science & Technology. 55: 13113-13121 [pdf]

V. Shah, D.J. Jacob, C.P. Thackray, X. Wang, E.M. Sunderland, T. Dibble, A. Saiz-Lopez, I. Cernusak, V. Kello, P. Castro, R. Wu, W. Rongrong, C. Wang. 2021. Improved mechanistic model of the atmospheric redox chemistry of mercury. Environmental Science & Technology. [pdf]

X.C. Hu, B. Ge, B. Ruyle, J. Sun, E.M. Sunderland. 2021. A statistical approach for identifying private wells susceptible to PFAS contamination. Environmental Science & Technology Letters.  8(7), 596-602. [pdf] [SI]

M. Alcala-Orozco, P. Balcom, E.M. Sunderland, J. Olivero-Verbel, K. Caballero-Gallardo. 2021. Occurrence of essential and toxic elements in canned fish (sardines and tuna) commercialized in the Latin America market: Public health at stake. Food Additives and Contaminants: Part B. [pdf]

M. Enrico, P. Balcom, D.T. Johnston, J. Foriel, E.M. Sunderland. 2021. Simultaneous combustion preparation for mercury isotope analysis and detection of total mercury using a direct mercury analyzer. Analytica Chimica Acta. 1154, 338327. [pdf]

B. Ruyle, H. Pickard, D. LeBlannc, A. Tokranov, C.P. Thackray, X.C. Hu, C.D. Vecitis, E.M. Sunderland. 2021. Isolating the AFFF signature in coastal watersheds using oxidizable PFAS precursors and unexplained organofluorine. Environmental Science & Technology. 55(6): 3686-3695. [pdf] [SI] [xls]

R. Stern, P. Koutrakis, M. Martins, B. Lemos, S.E. Dowd, E.M. Sunderland, E. Garshick. 2021. Characterization of hospital airborne SARS-CoV-2. Respiratory Research. 22:73. [pdf]

Y. Zhang, S. Dutkiewicz, E.M. Sunderland. 2021. Impacts of climate change on methylmercury formation and bioaccumulation in the 21st century ocean. One Earth. 4(2): 279-288. [pdf]

A.S. Young, E.H. Sparer-Fine, H.M. Pickard, E.M. Sunderland, G.F. Peaslee, J.G. Allen. 2021. Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) and total fluorine in fire station dust. Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology. [pdf]

R. Stern, N. Mahmoudi, CO. Buckee, A.T. Schartup, P. Koutrakis, S. Ferguson, J. Wolfson, S. Wofsy, B. Daube, E.M. Sunderland. 2021. The microbiome of size fractionated airborne particles from the Sahara source region. Environmental Science & Technology. 55(3): 1487-1496. [pdf] [SI]

A.O. De Silva, J.M Armitage, T.A Bruton, C. Dassuncao, W. Heiger‐Bernays, X.C. Hu, Anna Kärrman, B. Kelly, C. Ng, A. Robuck, M. Sun, T.F. Webster, E.M. Sunderland. 2020. PFAS Exposure Pathways for Humans and Wildlife: A Synthesis of Current Knowledge and Key Gaps in Understanding. Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry.  40(3): 631-657. [pdf]

B. Ruyle, C.P. Thackray, J.P. McCord, M.J. Strynar, K.A. Mauge-Lewis, S.E. Fenton, E.M. Sunderland. 2021. Reconstructing the composition of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances in contemporary aqueous-film forming foams. Environmental Science & Technology Letters. 8(1): 59-65 [pdf] [SI]

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R. Lohmann, E. Markham, J. Klanova, P. Kukucka, P. Pribylova, X. Gong, R. Pockanly, T. Yanishevsky, C.C. Wagner, E.M. Sunderland. 2020. Trends of diverse POPs in air and water across the Western Atlantic Ocean: Strong gradients in the air but not in the water. Environmental Science & Technology. [pdf]

K. Schaefer, Y. Elshorbany, E. Jafarov, P.F. Schuster, R.G. Striegl, K.P. Wickland, E.M. Sunderland. 2020. Potential impacts of mercury released from thawing permafrost. Nature Communications. 11, 4650. [pdf]

H. Joerss, Z. Xie, C.C. Wagner, W-J von Appen, E.M. Sunderland, R. Ebinghaus. 2020. Transport of legacy perfluoroalkyl substances and the replacement compound HFPO-DA through the Atlantic gateway to the Arctic Ocean – Is the Arctic a sink or a source? Environmental Science & Technology. 54(16), 9958-9967. [pdf]

X. Zhang, X. Sun, R. Jiang, E. Zeng, E.M. Sunderland, D.C.G. Muir. 2020. Screening new persistent and bioaccumulative organics in China’s inventory of industrial chemicals. Environmental Science & Technology. 54(12), 7398-7408. [pdf]

E. Sunderland and C.C. Wagner. 2020. "The Global Chemical Experiment." In: Earth 2020: An Insider's Guide to a Rapidly Changing Planet. Ed: P. Tortell. Open Book Publishers. ISBN Digital ebook (epub): 978-1-78374-848-8. [pdf]

D. Bitounis, D. Parviz, X. Cao, C.A. Amadei, C.D. Vecitis, E.M. Sunderland, B.D. Thrall, M. Fang, M.S. Strano, P. Demokritou. 2020. Synthesis and physicochemical transformations of size-sorted graphene oxide during simulated digestion and its toxicological assessment against an in in vitro model of the human intestinal epithelium. Small. 16, 1907640. [pdf]

X.C. Hu, E.M. Sunderland, P. Grandjean. 2020. Mercury. In: Environmental Toxicants – Human Exposures and Their Health Effects, Eds. M. Lippmann, G.D. Leikuaf, 4th Edition. Wiley. 1024 pp. ISBN: 978-1-119-43880-9.

Y. Zhang, A.L. Soerensen, A.T. Schartup, E.M. Sunderland. 2020. A global model for methylmercury formation and uptake at the base of marine food webs. Global Biogeochemical Cyles. 34(2), GB006348. [pdf]

M. Li, A. Juang, J. Ewald, R. Yin, B. Mikkelsen, D.P. Krabbenhoft, P. Balcom, C. Dassuncao, E.M. Sunderland. 2020. Selenium and stable mercury isotopic analysis provide new insights into mercury toxicokinetics in pilot whales. Science of the Total Environment. 710: 136325. [pdf]

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D.H. Fourie, I.M. Hedgecock, F. DeSimone, E.M. Sunderland, N. Pirrone. 2019. Are mercury emissions from satellite electric propulsion systems an environmental concern? Environmental Research Letters. 14(12): 124021. [pdf]

X. Zhang, R. Lohmann, E.M. Sunderland. 2019. Poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in seawater and plankton from the Northwestern Atlantic Margin. Environmental Science & Technology. 53 (21), 12348-12356. [pdf]

W. Xue, H. Yan, S. Yun Kwon, S. Grasby, E.M. Sunderland, X. Pan, R. Sun, T. Zhou, R. Yin. 2019. Anthropogenic influences on mercury in Chinese soil and sediment revealed by relationships with total organic carbon. Environmental Pollution. 255(1):113186. [pdf]

E.M. Sunderland, H.M. Chan, W.L. Cheung. 2019. Fisheries and seafood security under changing oceans. In:Predicting Future Oceans: Sustainability of Ocean and Human Systems Amidst Global Environmental Change. Eds: A.M. Cisneros-Montemayor, W.L. Cheung, Y. Ota. Pp. 61- 68. Elsevier, Oxford, UK. ISBN: 978-0-12-817-945-1.

C.P. Thackray, E.M. Sunderland. 2019. Seafood methylmercury in a changing ocean. In:Predicting Future Oceans: Sustainability of Ocean and Human Systems Amidst Global Environmental Change. Eds: A.M. Cisneros-Montemayor, W.L. Cheung, Y. Ota. Pp. 61- 68. Elsevier, Oxford, UK. ISBN: 978-0-12-817-945-1.

C.A. Stock, William WL Cheung, J.L. Sarmiento, E.M. Sunderland. 2019. Changing Oceans: A Short Synthesis. In: Predicting Future Oceans: Sustainability of Ocean and Human Systems Amidst Global Environmental Change. Eds: A.M. Cisneros-Montemayor, W.L. Cheung, Y. Ota. Pp. 19- 34. Elsevier, Oxford, UK. ISBN: 978-0-12-817-945-1.

A.T. Schartup, C.P. Thackray, A. Qureshi, C. Dassuncao, K. Gillespie, A. Hanke, E.M. Sunderland. 2019. Climate change and overfishing increase neurotoxicant in marine predators. Nature. 572 (7771): 648-650.

S. Cinnirella, D. Evelina Bruno, N. Pirrone, M. Horvat, I. Zivkovic, D. Evers, S. Johnson, and E. Sunderland. 2019. Mercury concentrations in biota in the Mediterranean Sea, a compilation of 40 years of surveys. Scientific Data. 6: 205. [pdf]

V. St. Louis, J. Graydon, I. Lehnherr, H. Amos, E. Sunderland, K. St. Pierre, C. Emmerton, K. Sandilands, M. Tate, A. Steffen, E. Humphreys. 2019. Atmospheric concentrations and wet/dry loadings of mercury at the remote Experimental Lakes Area, northwestern Ontario, Canada. Environmental Science & Technology. 53, 8017-8026. [pdf]

D.G. Streets, H.M. Horowitz, Z. Lu, L. Levin, C.P. Thackray, E.M. Sunderland. 2019. Five hundred years of anthropogenic mercury: Spatial and temporal release profiles. Environmental Research Letters. 14: 084004. [pdf]

B. Eryasa, P. Grandjean, F. Nielsen, D. Valvi, D. Zmirou-Navier, E. Sunderland, P. Weihe, Y. Oulhote. 2019. Physico-chemical properties and gestational diabetes predict transplacental transfer and partitioning of perfluoroalkyl substances. Environment International. 130: 104874. [pdf]

M. Perkins, O.P. Lane, D.C. Evers, A. Sauer, N.J. O’Driscoll, S.T. Edmunds, J.C. Haelin, J. Trimble, E.M. Sunderland. 2019. Historical patterns of mercury exposure for North American songbirds. Ecotoxicology. ht4: tps:// [pdf]

X.C. Hu, A.K. Tokranov, J. Liddie, X. Zhang, P. Grandjean, J.E. Hart, F. Laden, Q. Sun, L.W.Y. Yeung, E.M. Sunderland. 2019. Tap water contributions to plasma concentrations of poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in a nationwide prospective cohort of U.S. women. Environmental Health Perspectives. [pdf] [SI]

C. Dassuncao, H. Pickard, M. Pfohl, A.K. Tokranov, M. Li, B. Mikkelsen, A. Slitt, E.M. Sunderland. 2019. Phospholipid levels predict tissue distribution of poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances in a marine mammal. Environmental Science & Technology Letters. 6(3): 119-125. [pdf]

C.C. Wagner, H.M. Amos, C.P. Thackray, Y. Zhang, E.W. Lundgren, G. Forget, C.L. Friedman, N.E. Selin, R. Lohmann, E.M. Sunderland. 2019. A global 3-D ocean model for polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs): Benchmark compounds for understanding the impacts of global change on neutral persistent organic pollutants. Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 33, 469-481. [pdf] [SI]

A.K. Tokranov, N. Nishizawa, C.A. Amadei, J.E. Zenobio, H.M. Pickard, J.G. Allen, C.D. Vecitis, E.M. Sunderland. 2019. How do we measure the poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) at the surface of consumer products? Environmental Science & Technology Letters. 6(1): 38-43. [pdf]

R. Sun, M. Jiskra, H.M. Amos, Y. Zhang, E.M. Sunderland, J.E. Sonke. 2019. Modelling the mercury stable isotope distribution of Earth surface reservoirs: Implications for global Hg cycling. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 246:156-173. [pdf]

D.G. Streets, H.M. Horowitz, Z. Lu, L. Levin, C.P. Thackray, E.M. Sunderland. 2019. Global and regional trends in mercury emissions and concentrations, 2010-2015. Atmospheric Environment. 201: 417-427. [pdf]

E.M. Sunderland, X.C. Hu, C. Dassuncao, C.C. Wagner, A.K. Tokranov, J.G. Allen. 2019. A review of the pathways of human exposure to poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) and present understanding of health effects. Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology. 29, 131–147. [pdf]

J.D. Ewald, J.L. Kirk, M. Li, E.M. Sunderland. 2019. Organ-specific differences is mercury speciation and accumulation of in juvenile and adult ringed seals (Phoca hispida). Science of the Total Environment. 650(2):2013-2020. [pdf]

R.S.D. Calder, S. Bromage, E.M. Sunderland. 2019. Risk tradeoffs associated with traditional food advisories for Labrador Inuit. Environmental Research. 168: 496-506. [pdf]


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J.E. Sonke, R. Teisserenc, L-E. Heimbürger, M.V. Petrova,  N. Marusczak, T. Le Dantec, A.V. Chupakov, C. Li, C.P. Thackray, E.M. Sunderland, N. Tananaev, O.S. Pokrovsky. 2018. Eurasian river spring flood observations support net Arctic Ocean mercury export to the atmosphere and Atlantic Ocean. PNAS. 115(50): E11586-E11594 [full text]

Y. Ma, D. Adelman, E.M. Bauerfeind, A. Cabrerizo, C. Macdonough, D. Muir, T. Soltwedel, C. Sun, C.C. Wagner, E.M. Sunderland, R. Lohmann. 2018. Concentrations and water mass transport of legacy POPs in the Arctic Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters. 45 (23), 12,972-12,981. [full text]

A. Saiz-Lopez, S.P. Sitkiewicz, D. Roca-Sanjuán, J.M. Oliva-Enrich, J.Z Dávalos, R. Notario, M. Jiskra, Y. Xu, F. Wang, C.P. Thackray, E.M. Sunderland, D.J. Jacob, O. Travnikov, C.A. Cuevas, A.U. Acuña, D. Rivero, J. Plane, D.E. Kinnison, J.E. Sonke. 2018. Photoreduction of gaseous oxidized mercury changes global atmospheric mercury speciation, transport and deposition. Nature Communications. 9, 4796. [full text]

D.J. Madigan, M. Li, R. Yin, H. Baumann, O.E. Snodgrass, H. Dewar, D.P. Krabbenhoft, Z. Baumann, N.S. Fisher, P.H. Balcom, E.M. Sunderland. 2018. Mercury stable isotopes reveal influence of foraging depth on mercury concentrations and growth in Pacific bluefin tuna. Environmental Science and Technology. 52(11): 6256-6264. [full text]

C. Dassuncao, X.C. Hu, F. Nielsen, P. Weihe, P. Grandjean, E.M. Sunderland. 2018. Shifting global exposures to poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances evident in longitudinal birth cohorts from a seafood consuming population. Environmental Science and Technology. 52(6): 3738-3747. [full text]

X.C. Hu, C. Dassuncao, X. Zhang, P. Grandjean, P. Weihe, G.M. Webster, F. Nielsen, E.M. Sunderland. 2018. Can profiles of poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in human serum provide information on major exposure sources? Environmental Health. 17 (1):11. DOI: 10.1186/s12940-018-0355-4. [full text]

D. Obrist, J. Kirk, L. Zhang, E. Sunderland, M. Jiskra, N.E. Selin. 2018. A review of global environmental mercury processes in response to human and natural perturbations: changes of emissions, climate and land use. Ambio. DOI: 10.1007/s13280-017-1004-9. [full text]

A.T. Schartup, A. Qureshi, C. Dassuncao, C.P. Thackray, G. Harding, E.M. Sunderland. 2018. Methylmercury uptake and trophic transfer by marine plankton. Environmental Science and Technology. 52(2): 654-662. [full text]

E.M. Sunderland, M. Li, K. Bullard. 2018. Decadal changes in edible supply of seafood and methylmercury exposure in the United States. Environmental Health Perspectives. DOI:10.1289/EHP2644. [full text]

D.G. Streets, Z. Lu, L. Levin, A.F.H. ter Schure, E.M. Sunderland. 2018. Historical releases of mercury to air, land and water from coal combustion. Science of the Total Environment. 615: 131-140. [full text]


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X. Zhang, Y. Zhang, C. Dassuncao, R. Lohmann, E.M. Sunderland. 2017. North Atlantic deep water formation inhibits high Arctic contamination by continental perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) discharges. Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 31(8): 1332-1343. [full text]

K. von Stackelberg, M. Li, E.M. Sunderland. 2017. Results of a national survey of high-frequency fish consumers in the United States. Environmental Research. 158: 126-136. [full text]

L. Yeung, C. Dassuncao, S. Maybury, E.M. Sunderland, X. Zhang, R. Lohmann. 2017. Vertical profiles, sources, and transport of PFASs in the Arctic Ocean. Environmental Science and Technology. 51(12): 6735-6744. [full text]

D.G. Streets, H.M. Horowitz, D.J. Jacob, Z. Lu, L. Levin, A. Ter Schure, E.M. Sunderland. 2017. Total mercury released to the environment by human activities. Environmental Science and Technology. 51: 5969-5977 [full text].

C. Dassuncao, X.C. Hu, X. Zhang, R. Bossi, M. Dam, B. Mikkelsen, E.M. Sunderland. 2017. Temporal shifts in poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in North Atlantic pilot whales indicate large contribution of atmospheric precursors. Environmental Science and Technology. 51(8): 4512-4521. [full text]

A. Weber, L. Barber, D. LeBlanc, E.M. Sunderland, C.D. Vecitis. 2017. Geochemical and hydrologic factors controlling subsurface transport of poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances, Cape Cod, Massachusetts. Environmental Science and Technology. 51(8): 4269-4279. [full text] Link to USGS story on paper here.

H.M. Horowitz, D.J. Jacob, Y. Zhang, T.S. Dibble, F. Slemr, H.M. Amos, J.A. Schmidt, E.S. Corbitt, E.A. Marais, E.M. Sunderland. 2017. A new mechanism for atmospheric mercury redox chemistry: Implications for the global mercury budget. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics.17, 6353-6371. [full text].

D. Kocman, S.J. Wilson, H.M. Amos, K.H. Telmer, F. Steenhuisen, E.M. Sunderland, R.P. Mason, P. Outridge, M. Horvat. 2017. Toward an assessment of the global inventory of present-day mercury releases to freshwater environments. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.14(2), 138; doi: 10.3390/ijerph14020138. [full text].


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R.S.D. Calder, A.T. Schartup, M. Li, A.P. Valberg, P.H. Balcom, E.M. Sunderland. 2016. Future impacts of hydroelectric power expansion on methylmercury exposures of Canadian indigenous communities. Environmental Science and Technology. 50 (23): 13115–13122. [full text] [SI]

M. Li, A.T. Schartup, A.P. Valberg, J. Ewald, D.P. Krabbenhoft, R. Yin, P. Balcom, E.M. Sunderland. 2016. Environmental origins of methylmercury accumulated in subarctic estuarine fish indicated by Hg stable isotopes. Environmental Science and Technology. 50(21): 11559-11568. [full text].

E.M. Sunderland, A.T. Schartup. 2016. Mercury methylation on ice. Nature Microbiology. DOI: 10.1038/NMICROBIOL.2016.165. [pdf]

X. Zhang, R. Lohmann, C. Dassuncao, X.C. Hu, A. Weber, C.D. Vecitis, E.M. Sunderland. 2016. Source attribution of poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances in surface waters from Rhode Island and the New York Metropolitan Area. Environmental Science and Technology Letters. 3(9): 316-321. [pdf]

X.C. Hu, D. Andrews, A.B. Lindstrom, T.A. Bruton, L.A. Schaider, P. Grandjean, R. Lohmann, C.C. Carignan, A. Blum, S.A. Balan, C. Higgins, E.M. Sunderland. 2016. Detection of poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in U.S. drinking water linked to industrial sites, military fire training areas and wastewater treatment plants. Environmental Science and Technology Letters. 3(10): 344-350. [full text]

M. Li, K. von Stackelberg, C. Rheinberger, J.K. Hammitt, D.P. Krabbenhoft, Y. Runsheng, E.M. Sunderland. 2016. Insights from mercury stable isotopes into factors affecting the internal body burden of methylmercury in frequent fish consumers. Elementa. 4(1): 000103. [full text]

E.M. Sunderland, C.T. Driscoll, Jr., J.K. Hamitt, P. Grandjean, J.S. Evans, J.D. Blum, C.Y. Chen, D.C. Evers, D.A. Jaffe, R.P. Mason, S. Goho, W. Jacobs. 2016. Benefits of regulating hazardous air pollutants from coal and oil-fired utilities in the United States. Environmental Science & Technology. 50(5): 2117-2120. [full text]

C.Y. Chen, C.T. Dricoll, K.F. Lambert, R.P. Mason, E.M. Sunderland. 2016. Connecting mercury science to policy: from sources to seafood. Reviews on Environmental Health. 31(1): 17-20. [full text].

R. Sun, D.G. Streets, H.M. Horowitz, H.M. Amos, G. Liu, V. Perrot, J-P Toutain, H. Hintelmann, E.M. Sunderland, J.E. Sonke. 2016. Historical (1850-2010) mercury stable isotope emissions from anthropogenic sources to the atmosphere. Elementa. 4(1):000091. [full text]

A.L. Soerensen, D.J. Jacob, A.T. Schartup, J.A. Fisher, I Lehnherr, V.L. St. Louis, L.-E. Heimberger, J.E. Sonke, D.P. Krabbenhoft, E.M. Sunderland. 2016. A mass budget for mercury and methylmercury in the Arctic Ocean. Global Biogeochemical Cycles. [full text] [SI]

Y. Zhang, D.J. Jacob, H.M. Horowitz, L. Chen, H.M. Amos, D.P. Krabbenhoft, F. Slemr, M.S. Landis, V. St. Louis, E.M. Sunderland. 2016. Observed decrease in atmospheric mercury explained by global decline in anthropogenic emissions. PNAS. 113(3), 526-531. [link to 1990-2010 global emissions data .zip file]. [full text]

A. Schartup, R. Calder, M. Li, P. Balcom, A. Valberg, J. Ewald, E. Sunderland. 2016. "Methylmercury" in Lake Melville: Avativut, Kanuittailinnivut (Our Environment, Our Health). Scientific Report, Nunatsiavut Government. Nain, Labrador. [pdf]


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A.T. Schartup, P.H. Balcom, A.L. Soerensen, K. Gosnell, R. Calder, R.P. Mason, E.M. Sunderland. 2015. Freshwater discharges drive high levels of methylmercury in Arctic marine biota. PNAS. 112(38), 11789-11794. [full text]

Y.Zhang, D.J. Jacob, S. Dutkiewicz, H.M. Amos, M.S. Long, E.M. Sunderland. 2015. Biogeochemical drivers of the the fate of riverine mercury discharged to the global and Arctic oceans. Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 29(6): 854-864. [full text]

A.T. Schartup, U.C. Ndu, R.P. Mason, E.M. Sunderland. 2015. Contrasting effects of marine and terrestrially derived organic matter on mercury speciation and bioavailability in seawater. Environmental Science & Technology. 49(10): 5965-5972. [full text]

H.M. Amos, J.E. Sonke, D. Obrist, N. Robins, N. Hagan, H.M. Horowitz, R.P. Mason, M. Witt, I. Hedgecock, E.S. Corbitt, E.M. Sunderland. 2015. Observational and modeling constraints on global anthropogenic enrichment of mercury. Environmental Science & Technology. 49(7) : 4036-4047. [full text]


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A.L. Soerensen, R.P. Mason, P. Balcom, D.J. Jacob, Y. Zhang, Y. Kuss, E.M. Sunderland. 2014. Elemental mercury concentrations and fluxes in the tropical atmosphere and ocean. Environmental Science and Technology. 48: 11312-11319. [full text]

H.M. Horowitz, D.J. Jacob, H.M. Amos, D.G. Streets, E.M. Sunderland. 2014. Historical mercury releases from commercial products: Global environmental implications. Environmental Science and Technology. 48(17) : 10242-10250. [full text]

M.B. Trudeau, E.M. Sunderland, D.L. Jindrich, J.T. Dennerlein. 2014. A data-driven design evaluation tool for handheld device soft keyboards. PLoS ONE. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0107070. [full text]

H.M. Amos,  D.J. Jacob, D. Kocman, H.M. Horowitz, Y. Zhang, S. Dutkiewicz, M. Horvat, E.S. Corbitt, D.P. Krabbenhoft, E.M. Sunderland. 2014. Global biogeochemical implications of mercury discharges from rivers and sediment burial. Environmental Science and Technology. 48(16) : 9514-9522. [full text]

M. Li, L.S. Sherman, J.D. Blum, P. Grandjean, B. Mikkelsen, P. Weihe, E.M. Sunderland, J.P. Shine. 2014. Assessing sources of human methylmercury exposure using mercury stable isotopes. Environmental Science and Technology. 48(15) : 8800-8806. [full text]

E.M. Sunderland, J.G. Wiener, M.E. Brigham. 2014. Why is mercury in fish a concern? Chapter 2 in USGS Circular, The Quality of Our Nation's Waters: Mercury in the Nation's Streams - Levels, Trends, and Implications. Circular 1395. D.A. Wentz, M.E. Brigham, M.A. Lutz, D.P. Krabbenhoft (Eds.). 100 pp.




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J.A.Fisher, D.J. Jacob, A.L Soerensen, H.M. Amos, E.S. Corbitt, D.G. Streets, Q. Wang, R.M. Yantosca, E.M. Sunderland. 2013. Factors driving mercury variability in the Arctic atmosphere and ocean over the past 30-years. Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 27(4): 1226-1235. [full text]

N. Pirrone, W. Aas, S. Cinnirella, R. Ebinghaus, I. M. Hedgecock, J. Pacyna, F. Sprovieri, E.M. Sunderland. 2013. Toward the next generation of air quality monitoring: Mercury. Atmospheric Environment. 80: 599-612. [full text]

A.L. Soerensen, R.P. Mason, P.H. Balcom, E.M. Sunderland. 2013.  Drivers of surface ocean mercury concentrations and air-sea exchange in the West Atlantic Ocean. Environmental Science and Technology. 47(14), 7757-7765. [full text]

D.P. Krabbenhoft E.M. Sunderland. 2013. Global change and mercury. Science. 341 (6153), 1457-1458. [full text]

H.M. Amos, D.J. Jacob, D.G. Streets, E.M. Sunderland. 2013. Legacy impacts of all-time anthropogenic emissions on the global mercury cycleGlobal Biogeochemical Cycles.  27, 410-421. [full text]

E.M. Sunderland and N.E. Selin. 2013. Future trends in environmental mercury concentrations: Implications for prevention strategiesEnvironmental Health. 12:2, doi:10.1186/1476-069X-12-2. [full text]

E.M. Sunderland and M. Tumpney. 2013. “Mercury in Foods.” In: M. Rose, A. Fernandes. Persistent Organic Pollutants and Toxic Metals in Foods. Woodhead Publishing Series in Food Science, Technology and Nutrition No. 247. FERA, UK, pp. 392-413. ISBN-13: 978 0 85709 245 8.


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A.L. Soerensen, D.J. Jacob, D. Streets, M. Witt, R. Ebinghaus, R.P. Mason, M. Andersson, E.M. Sunderland. 2012. Multi-decadal decline of mercury in the North Atlantic atmosphere explained by changing subsurface seawater concentrations. Geophysical Research Letters. 39, L21810. [full text]

J.A. Fisher, D.J. Jacob, A.L. Soerensen, H.M. Amos, A. Steffen, E.M. Sunderland. 2012. Riverine source of Arctic Ocean mercury inferred from atmospheric observations. Nature Geoscience, 5: 499-504.

E. Oken, A. Choi, M. Karagas, R. Schoeny, K. Marien, C. Rheinberger, E. Sunderland, S. Korrick. 2012. Which fish should I eat? Challenges to developing clear, unified fish consumption adviceEnvironmental Health Perspectives. 120: 790-798. [full text]

C.Y. Chen, C.T. Driscoll, K.F. Lambert, R.P. Mason, L.R. Rardin, N. Serrell, E.M. Sunderland. Marine mercury fate: From sources to seafood consumers. Environmental Research, 119, 1-2. [full text]

R. Harris, C. Pollman, C., Landing, W., Axelrad, D., Morey, S.L., Dukhovskoy, D., Evans, D., D. Rumbold, D. Adams, E.M. Sunderland. 2012. Mercury in the Gulf of Mexico: Sources to receptors. Environmental Research, 119, 42-52. [full text]

C.T. Driscoll, C.Y. Chen, C.R. Hammerschmidt, R.P. Mason, C.C. Gilmour, E.M. Sunderland, B. Greenfield, K. Buckman, C.H. Lamborg, 2012.  Nutrient supply and mercury dynamics in marine ecosystems: A conceptual model.  Environmental Research, 119, 118-131. [full text]

R.P. Mason, W.F. Fitzgerald, C. Lamborg, C. Hammerschmidt, A. Choi, A.L. Soerensen, E.M. Sunderland. 2012. Mercury biogeochemical cycling in the ocean and policy implications. Environmental Research. 119, 101-117. [full text]

E.M. Sunderland, N. Burgess, A. Amirbahman, G. Harding, E. Kamai, M. Karagas, S. Jones, J. Dalziel, X. Shi, C.Y. Chen. 2012. Mercury souces and fate in the Gulf of Maine. Environmental Research. 119, 27-41. [full text]

H. M. Amos, D. J. Jacob, C. D. Holmes, J. A. Fisher, Q.Wang, R. M Yantosca, E. S. Corbitt, E. Galarneau, A. P. Rutter, M. S. Gustin, A. Steffen, J. J. Schauer, J. A. Graydon, V. L. St. Louis, R. W. Talbot, E. S. Edgerton, E. M. Sunderland. 2012. Gas-particle partitioning of atmospheric Hg(II) and its effect on global mercury deposition. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12, 591-603. [full text]

A. Qureshi, M. MacLeod, E. Sunderland, and Hungerbühler, K.  2012. “Exchange of mercury between the oceans and atmosphere.”  In: G. Liu, Y. Cai, N. O'Driscoll. Environmental Chemistry and Toxicology of Mercury. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Hoboken, New Jersey, USA, pp. 389-422. ISBN 978-0-470-57872-8.

Chen, C.Y., C.T. Driscoll, K.F. Lambert, R.P. Mason, L. Rardin, C.V. Schmitt, N.S. Serrell, and E.M. Sunderland. 2012. Sources to Seafood: Mercury Pollution in the Marine Environment. Hanover, NH: Toxic Metals Superfund Research Program, Dartmouth College.


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D.G. Streets, M.K. Devane, Z. Lu, T.C. Bond., E.M. Sunderland, D.J. Jacob. 2011. All-time releases of mercury to the atmosphere from human activities. Environmental Science and Technology, 45(24), 10485-10491. [full text]

E.S. Corbitt, D.J. Jacob, C.D. Holmes, D.G. Streets, E.M. Sunderland. 2011.  Global source-receptor relationships for mercury deposition under present-day and 2050 emissions scenarios. Environmental Science & Technology, 45(24), 10477-10484.

K.R. Mahaffey, E.M. Sunderland, H.M. Chan, A.L. Choi, P. Grandjean, K. Marien, E. Oken, M. Sakamoto, R. Schoeny, P. Weihe, C.-H. Yan, A. Yasutake.  2011. Balancing benefits of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and the risk of methylmercury exposure from fish consumption. Nutrition Reviews. 69(9): 493-508. [full text]

International Joint Commission (Workgroup Contributor), 2011.  Risks and Benefits of Fish Consumption. Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement 2009-2011 Priority Cycle Report.  International Joint Commission, Windsor, Ontario. ISBN: 978-1-927336-0308.


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A.L. Soerensen, E.M. Sunderland, C.D. Holmes, D.J. Jacob, B. Yantosca, S.A. Strode, H. Skov, J. Christensen, R.P. Mason. 2010. An improved global simulation of mercury air-sea exchange: High concentrations in the North Atlantic. Environmental Science & Technology.  44(22): 8574-8580. [full text]

E.M. Sunderland, J. Dalziel, A. Heyes, B.A. Branfireun, D.P. Krabbenhoft, F.A.P.C. Gobas.  2010. Response of a macrotidal estuary to changes in anthropogenic mercury loading between 1850 and 2000. Environmental Science & Technology. 44(5): 1698-1704. [full text]

N.V. Smith-Downey, E.M. Sunderland, D.J. Jacob. 2010. Anthropogenic impacts on global storage and emissions of mercury from terrestrial soils: Insights from a new global model. Journal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences. 115, G03008. [full text]

N.E. Selin, E.M. Sunderland, C.D. Knightes, and R.P. Mason. 2010. Sources of mercury exposure for U.S. seafood consumers: Implications for policy. Environmental Health Perspectives. 118(1): 137-143. [full text]

E.M. Sunderland, C.D. Knightes, K. von Stackelberg, and N. Stiber. 2010. “Environmental Fate and Bioaccumulation Modeling at EPA: Application to Environmental Decision Making.” In: G. Hanrahan (Ed.), Modelling of Pollutants in Complex Environmental Systems, Vol. II, ILM, UK, pp. 3-42.

E.M. Sunderland, E. Corbitt, D. Cossa, D. Evers, H. Friedli, D. Krabbenhoft, L. Levin, N. Pirrone, G. Rice.  2010.  Impacts of Intercontinental Mercury Pollution on Human and Ecological Health. In: Hemispheric Transport of Air Pollution 2010, Part B: Mercury. N. Pirrone and T. Keating (Eds.) Air Pollution Studies No. 18.  United Nations Economic Commission for Europe.  United Nations, New York and Geneva.


Hedgecock, N. Pirrone, A. Dastoor, L. Levin, C-J. Lin, R.P. Mason, E. Sunderland, O. Travnikov. 2010. Chapter 6: Summary. In: Hemispheric Transport of Air Pollution 2010, Part B: Mercury. N. Pirrone and T. Keating (Eds.) Air Pollution Studies No. 18.  United Nations Economic Commission for Europe.  United Nations, New York and Geneva.


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2009 and earlier


E.M. Sunderland, D.P. Krabbenhoft, J.M. Moreau, S. Strode, W.M. Landing. 2009. Mercury sources, distribution and bioavailability in the North Pacific Ocean: Insights from data and models. Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 23, GB2010. [full text]

C.D. Knightes, E.M. Sunderland, M. Craig Barber, J.J. Johnston, R.B. Ambrose Jr. 2009. Application of ecosystem scale fate and bioaccumulation models to predict fish mercury response times to changes in atmospheric deposition. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 29(4): 881-893. [full text]

U.S. EPA. 2009. Final EPA Guidance on the Development, Evaluation and Application of Environmental Models. (Principal authors: N. Gaber, P. Pascual, N. Stiber, E. Sunderland). EPA/100/K-09/003, EPA Council for Regulatory Environmental Modeling, Washington D.C, March 2009.


E.M. Sunderland, M. Cohen, N.E. Selin, G.L. Chmura. 2008. Reconciling models and measurements to assess trends in atmospheric mercury deposition. Environmental Pollution. 156, 526-535. [full text]

N.E. Selin, D.J. Jacob, R.M. Yantosca, L. Jaegle, S. Strode, E.M. Sunderland. 2008. Land-ocean-atmosphere cycling in a global 3-D model for atmospheric mercury: pre-industrial and present-day biogeochemical budgets, and anthropogenic enhancement factors for depositionGlobal Biogeochemical Cycles. Vol. 22, GB2011. [full text]

E.M. Sunderland and R.P. Mason. 2007. Human impacts on open ocean mercury concentrations. Global Biogeochemical Cycles. Vol. 21, GB4022. [full text]

E.M. Sunderland. 2007. Mercury exposure from domestic and imported estuarine and marine fish and shellfish in U.S. seafood markets. Environmental Health Perspectives. 115: 235-242. [full text]

E.M. Sunderland, F.A.P.C. Gobas, A. Heyes, B. Branfireun. 2006. Environmental controls on the speciation and distribution of mercury in coastal sedimentsMarine Chemistry. 102: 111-123. [full text]

Heyes, R.P. Mason, E-H. Kim, and E. Sunderland. 2006. Mercury methylation in estuaries. Marine Chemistry. 102: 134-147. [full text]

International Joint Commission. 2006. Contributing author to chapter: Development of a Multi-compartment Mercury Model for Lake Ontario: Tracking Mercury from Sources, Deposition and Dispersion to Fish and Accumulation in Humans. In: Priorities 2003-2005. Priorities and Progress Under the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement. Chapter 2: 37-69.

U.S. EPA. 2005. Lead author for chapter: “Ecosystem Scale Modeling for Mercury Benefits Assessment.” Chapter 3, Regulatory Impact Analysis of the Clean Air Mercury Rule, Final Report.  EPA-452/R-05-003, Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, Research Triangle Park, NC.

E.M. Sunderland, F.A.P.C. Gobas, A. Heyes, B. Branfireun, A. Bayer, R. Cranston, and M. Parsons. 2004. Speciation and bioavailability of mercury in well-mixed estuarine sedimentsMarine Chemistry. 90: 91-105. [full text]

EPA Council for Regulatory Environmental Modeling. 2003. Interim EPA Guidance for the Development, Evaluation and Application of Regulatory Environmental Models. (Principal authors: P. Pascual, N. Stiber, E. Sunderland). Washington DC.

G.L. Chmura, L.L. Helmer, C.B. Beecher, and E.M. Sunderland. 2001. Historical rates of salt marsh accretion in the outer Bay of Fundy.  Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences. 31: 1081-1092. [full text]

E.M. Sunderland and G.L. Chmura. 2000. An inventory of historical mercury emissions in Maritime Canada: Implications for present and future contamination. The Science of the Total Environment.  256(1): 39-57. [full text]

E.M. Sunderland and G.L. Chmura. 2000. The history of mercury emissions from fuel combustion in Maritime Canada. Environmental Pollution. 110(2): 297-306. [full text]


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Sunderland Lab

Group Administrator: Brenda Mathieu

Address: 29 Oxford Street, Cambridge MA 02138

E-mail:  bmathieu [at]

Phone: +1 (617) 496-5745

Fax: +1 (617) 495-4551

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